Intricate and stretching back thousands of years, Turkey’s history is fascinating. Humans have inhabited what is now Turkey since the Paleolithic period. Several ancient cultures, including the Hittites, Greeks, and Romans, had permanent settlements in this area.
A Turkic people from Central Asia called the Seljuks established their empire in Anatolia in the 11th century and ruled for several centuries (the Asian portion of modern-day Turkey).
The Ottoman Empire, one of history’s largest and most influential, was established in the 13th century when the Turkic people known as the Ottoman Turks toppled the Seljuk Empire.
During the height of its power in the 16th and 17th centuries, the Ottoman Empire controlled a wide swath of what is now Southeast Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa.
Beginning in the late 19th century and continuing into the early 20th century, the Ottoman Empire eventually collapsed after World War I. The secular, democratic Republic of Turkey was established in 1923 by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the country’s founding father.
Since then, Turkey has undergone profound political, economic, and social transformations, emerging as a modern, multicultural powerhouse. Here you can learn about the requirements and procedures to follow to get a Turkey visa for Chinese citizens.
Turkish Signs and Important Things
Some examples of Turkish national symbols are:
Turkey’s flag is primarily designed with a white crescent and star in the center of a red field. A red field represents the lives lost by Turkish troops defending their country, while the crescent and star stand for Islam.
The Ottoman Empire is symbolized by the double-headed eagle found on the Turkish coat of arms. A wreath of oak leaves, a symbol of fortitude and resilience, encircles the eagle.
“Stiklâl Marş,” which means “Independence March,” is the name given to the Turkish national anthem. After being written by Mehmet Akif Ersoy in 1921, it was adopted as the national anthem of Turkey.
Turkish, the official language of Turkey, is spoken by the vast majority of the population. Among the Turkic languages, Turkish is most closely related to Uzbek and Azerbaijani. Get your Turkey visa for Canada citizens and explore the historical and natural attractions of Turkey.
Kebabs, baklava, and Turkish coffee are just a few examples of the many delicious options that can be found in Turkish cuisine. Turkey’s cuisine has evolved over time, influenced by a variety of cultures including the Ottoman Empire, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean.
The Great Turkish empires
Turkey has served as the hub for many different empires over the course of its history.
For a period of time between the seventh and twelfth century BCE, the Anatolian region of modern-day Turkey was dominated by the Hittite Empire. Not only did it have highly developed governmental and military infrastructure, but it also used iron weapons and was one of the first empires to do so.
Ephesus and Miletus, both of which date back to classical antiquity, were both located in what is now the Turkish Republic. These city-states made significant philosophical, artistic, and scientific contributions that shaped the ancient world.
The Romans – The Romans took over most of Anatolia and established several provinces there in the second century BCE. Many of the impressive structures that the Romans built in Anatolia, such as aqueducts, theatres, and temples, are still surviving today.
In the eleventh century, Anatolia became the home of the Seljuk Empire, a Turkic empire known for its ferocity in battle. The military might of the Seljuk Turks allowed them to conquer a considerable chunk of modern-day Turkey and other nearby lands.
The Ottoman Empire, founded by a Turkic dynasty in the late 13th century and lasting until the early 20th century, ruled over a sizable chunk of the Middle East for the better part of six centuries.
The Ottoman Empire, one of history’s largest and most powerful, reigned over a sizable chunk of present-day Southeast Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa during its heyday.