What is 4 Days Pongal Festival in Tamil Nadu, India
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What is 4 Days Pongal Festival in Tamil Nadu, India

Pongal is a harvest festival that lasts for four days and takes place in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. During this time, people celebrate and express their gratitude to a higher power for all of the blessings they have received.

Pongal is the most important festival that takes place in Tamil Nadu and is celebrated with a lot of enthusiasm.

Tamil Nadu, a state in Southern India that is both intriguing and warm, is one of the reasons why a trip to that region of India is so enthralling and should be on the bucket list of every traveler.

Pongal, which is the harvest festival, is the most famous one among the festivals listed that is conducted yearly in the month of January. Pongal is celebrated in the midst of the bustling crowd of travelers and residents who are from Tamil Nadu.

This event lasts for four days, beginning on the 13th and ending on the 14th of January. Its purpose is to pay gratitude to Surya, the Sun God, for bestowing the country with abundant agriculture.

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Along with the starting of the Pongal festival comes the beginning of the sun’s journey toward the north for the next six months, and it is at this time that the very first harvest of rice is presented as an offering to the Sun God.

The first day of the Pongal festival, which begins on the last day of Margazhi in the Tamil calendar, is referred to as Bhogi Pandigai.

Start of Pongal Festival

This day also marks the beginning of the celebration. This day is dedicated to the worship of Indra, often known as the “Rain God,” who is believed to be the reason why the crops received an adequate amount of rain. In addition to paying homage to the sun, the ground, and the harvest, homes are cleaned during this time.

Unwanted items are removed and thrown into fires as a symbol of severing ties with immorality and destructive routines. On day one of this festival, some of the practices that are performed include painting houses and making Kolam (also known as Rangoli) at the front entryway.

On the second day, the Sun God, Surya, is honored and given the Pongal meal in gratitude for providing the harvest with his warmth and vitality. Additionally, this day marks the beginning of the sun’s six-month trip up into the northern sky.

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Cows are honored by the Tamils on the third day of the festival because they are not only a source of milk for the people of Tamil Nadu but also because they assist the farmers in their fields. In addition, on this day, the well-known celebration of Jallikattu, which involves taming bulls, is celebrated.

In the conclusion, the Tamil people celebrate the final day of Pongal by following a custom known as Kaka Pudi Kannu Pudi. During this practice, the women feed birds, particularly crows, different colored rice balls while making a request for the health of their brothers.